Financing and acknowledgements
The PORTIC (“PORTs & Information and Communication Sciences and Technology.
Querying and visualizing eighteenth-century shipping and trade dynamics in the digital era”) is a program financed by the French National Research Agency within the WP “The digital revolution: relationships to knowledge and to culture” (ANR-18-CE38-0010). Two previous research programs served as an incubator to design PORTIC:
- The Navi-GO program (2017-2020) funded by the Académie 5 of the UCA-JEDI Future Investments at the University of the Côte d’Azur (funded by the French government, and managed by the National Research Agency, ANR-15-IDEX-01);
- DYPOMAR program (Port Dynamics, Urban and Maritime Environments), funded by a CPER / FEDER program of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region (2014-2020).
PORTIC is also based on two databases produced within the framework of two previous ANR programs:
- Navigocorpus (ANR-07-CORP-028) coordinated by Silvia Marzagalli;
- Toflit18 (ANR-13-BSH1-0005) coordinated by Guillaume Daudin and Loïc Charles.
Portic benefits from the help and advice of a committee of experts made up of:
- Steve Behrends (Victoria University of Wellington, member of the executive committee of the Slavevoyages database, http://www.slavevoyages.org/, and coordinator of the Liverpool Maritime Project, http://www.liverpoolmaritime.org/index .html);
- Jean-Pierre Dedieu (CNRS, IAO-Institut d’Asie Orientale / ENS Lyon), designer of the Navigocorpus database
- César Ducruet (CNRS, Géographie-cités, Paris), coordinator of the ERC World Seastems program (www.world-seastems.cnrs.fr);
- Laurent Etienne (BdTln, Database research team, University of Tours); specialist in the visualization of space-time big data, notably maritime data;
- Claire Lemercier (CNRS, SciencesPo, Center for the Sociology of Organizations); specialist in economic institutions and promoter for over 10 years of the use of databases, quantification and visualization of historical data;
- Werner Scheltjens (Universität Leipzig, former post-doc in the Navigocorpus program, and currently in charge of measurements in the Sound Toll Register Online program, www.soundtoll.nl).
- Thierry Allain and Jan Willem Veluwenkamp for thier assistance in locating Dutch ports
- Michael-W. Serruys for his help in determining the borders of the Breton admiralty
- Mathieu Grenet for his assistance in locating ports in the Levant
- Laurent Burrus for his assistence in locating ports in the Mediterranean and elsewhere
- Jacques Boucard for his assistence in locating ports on the French Atlantic coast and the local agents’ akward spelling of foreign ports.
- Lovni Kaushik, 11th grader en Ontario, Canada, who volunteered to input data on British smugglers for our second case study.